“Geological exploration” means to explore and detect geology through various means and methods, determine the appropriate bearing layer, determine the basic type according to the bearing capacity of the bearing layer, and calculate the investigation and research activities of the basic parameters. It is a mineral deposit found in the mineral census. In order to find out the quality and quantity of the mineral and the technical conditions for mining and utilization, it provides the mineral reserves and geological data needed for the mine construction design, and the rocks and strata in a certain area. Investigate and study the geological conditions of the structure, minerals, hydrology and landforms.
The physical exploration referred to as “physical exploration” is based on the differences in physical properties such as density, magnetic, electrical, elastic, and radioactive properties of various rocks and ores. Different physical methods and geophysical instruments are used to detect natural or artificial Changes in geophysical fields, through analysis and research of geophysical data, inferring and interpreting geological structures and mineral distribution. The main geophysical methods are gravity exploration, magnetic exploration, electrical exploration, seismic exploration, and radioactive exploration. According to different working spaces, it can be divided into ground geophysical exploration, aerial geophysical exploration, marine geophysical exploration, and physical exploration in wells.