A Vertical electrical sounding (or VES) is a 1D resistivity method that provides deep information of the subsurface with minimal equipment and personnel. It is one of the oldest methods for acquiring resistivity and one of the least expensive to conduct per unit depth.
Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) was the dominant geophysical resistivity method. It has been used all over the world for three primary purposes: geotechnical investigation, groundwater exploration, and mineral exploration.
Mapping geological boundaries
Identification of fractures in the bedrock
Mapping of sand and gravel deposits
Sol / Strate unconsolidated
Mapping groundwater depth
Mapping spots brine
Inorganic pollutants leak detection
Maps of saline soils
Depth mapping rocks