The 2019 edition of the BP World Energy Statistical Yearbook was released in Guangzhou
The Yearbook shows that in 2018, global primary energy demand increased by 2.9% and carbon emissions increased by 2.0%, the fastest growth since 2010.
In his introduction to the 2018 points, BP's chief economist Dai Sipan said: "For many years, energy demand and carbon emissions have been growing at the fastest rate. There is no difference between the social demands for action against climate change and the actual rate of progress. Matching phenomena, and the situation is getting worse. The world is on an unsustainable path of development."
The Yearbook emphasizes that the call for action on climate change is growing, but the actual progress in reducing carbon emissions is relatively slow, and the gap between goals and reality is increasingly significant.
Energy demand increased by 2.9% in 2018, with two-thirds of growth coming from China, the United States and India. Compared to the recent historical average, the growth of the United States is amazing. In 2018, US energy consumption increased by 3.5%. Different from the downward trend of the past decade, this growth rate has reached the highest level in nearly three decades.
To a large extent, the growth of carbon emissions is a direct result of rising energy consumption. Compared with the average of the past five years, the growth rate of energy demand in 2018 is 1.5 percentage points higher, and the growth rate of carbon emissions is 1.4 percentage points higher. The carbon intensity in the energy structure is similar to the past.
Dai Deli concluded: "The longer carbon emissions continue to grow, the more difficult it is to achieve the ultimate goal of zero carbon emissions, and the higher the cost. As I said before, this is not a competition for renewable energy, but A fierce competition to reduce carbon emissions in multiple frontier areas."